How to Build a Web Application with Rust

Are you a Rust programmer looking to take your skills to the next level? Are you interested in building web applications using Rust? If so, then this article is for you!

In this article, we will go over the steps you need to take to build a web application with Rust. We will cover the basics of Rust, dive into web frameworks, and show you how to deploy your application to a server.

What is Rust?

Rust is a systems programming language designed to be safe, concurrent and fast. It was created by Mozilla and has been gaining popularity in recent years due to its speed and safety features.

One of the benefits of Rust is the lack of a garbage collector, which can improve performance compared to languages like Java.

Rust Web Frameworks

Once you have a handle on Rust, it’s time to dive into web frameworks. There are several Rust web frameworks available, but we will focus on three popular ones: Rocket, Actix-web, and Warp.


Rocket is a web framework for Rust that aims to be simple, easy to use, and safe. It is built on top of the Hyper HTTP library and offers a minimalistic API for building web applications.

One of the benefits of using Rocket is its intuitive syntax. It uses Rust’s macro system to provide a clean and easily understandable way to structure your application.


Actix-web is a powerful, high-performance web framework for Rust that is built on top of the Actix actor framework. It has a focus on performance, scalability, and reliability.

Actix-web uses the builder pattern, which allows you to configure your application with a high degree of granularity. This makes it easy to create complex applications with a lot of functionality.


Warp is a lightweight and fast web framework for Rust that is built on top of the Tokio runtime. It is designed to be as fast and efficient as possible and is well-suited for building APIs.

Warp has a small and simple API that makes it easy to build applications quickly. It also has a lot of built-in middleware, making it easy to add functionality to your application.

Building a Rust Web Application

Now that you have a solid understanding of the Rust web frameworks available, let’s take a look at what it takes to actually build a web application with Rust.

Step 1: Set up your Environment

To get started with Rust web development, you’ll need to have Rust installed on your machine. Rustup is the recommended way to install Rust, and you can find instructions on how to do so on the Rustup website.

In addition to Rust, you’ll also need a code editor. Some popular options for Rust development include Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, and Atom.

Step 2: Create a New Rust Project

Once you have your environment set up, it’s time to create a new Rust project. You can use the Cargo package manager to do this.

First, open your terminal and navigate to the directory where you want to create your project. Then, run the following command:

cargo new my_project

This will create a new Rust project called “my_project” in the current directory.

Step 3: Add a Web Framework to Your Project

Now that you have a new Rust project set up, it’s time to add a web framework to it. For this example, we’ll use Rocket.

Add the following code to your project’s Cargo.toml file:

rocket = "0.5.0-rc.1"

This tells Cargo to install the latest version of Rocket.

Step 4: Create Your Application

Now it’s time to create your application. First, create a new file called This is the main entry point for your application.

#![feature(proc_macro_hygiene, decl_macro)]

extern crate rocket;

fn index() -> &'static str {
    "Hello, world!"

fn main() {
    rocket::ignite().mount("/", routes![index]).launch();

This simple application sets up a / route that returns a “Hello, world!” message.

Step 5: Build and Run Your Application

With your application code written, it’s time to build and run it. Use the following commands to build and run your application:

cargo build
cargo run

This will build your application and start it running on your local machine.

Step 6: Deploy Your Application

With your application built and running locally, it’s time to deploy it to a server. There are several options for deploying Rust web applications, including:

Regardless of which platform you choose, the process of deploying a Rust web application is similar.

First, create a Docker image of your application. You can do this using the following command:

docker build -t my_app .

This will create a Docker image of your application called “my_app”.

Next, you can deploy your application to a server. For example, if you’re using DigitalOcean, you can create a new Droplet and use the following command to deploy your application:

ssh root@your_server_ip
docker run --name my_app -p 80:8000 my_app

This will start your application running on your server.


In this article, we’ve covered the basics of Rust, introduced three popular Rust web frameworks, and showed you how to build and deploy a Rust web application.

Rust is a powerful language that is well-suited for web development. With its speed and safety features, Rust can help you build fast and reliable web applications.

So, what are you waiting for? Get out there and start building your own Rust web applications today!

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